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Iran

Iran

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Iran  , likewise called Persia and authoritatively the Islamic Republic of Iran is a nation in Western Asia. With more than 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most crowded country. Comprising a land region of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second biggest nation in the Middle East and the 17th biggest on the planet. Iran is flanked toward the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, toward the upper east by Turkmenistan, toward the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, toward the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and toward the west by Turkey and Iraq. The nation's focal area in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its vicinity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance.Tehranis the nation's capital and