Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the spouse of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. She was Queen partner of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her better half’s promotion in 1936 until his passing in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, to maintain a strategic distance from disarray with her little girl. She was the last Empress of India.
Naturally introduced to a family of British respectability, she came to conspicuousness in 1923 when she wedded the Duke of York, the second child of King George V and Queen Mary. The couple and their little girls encapsulated customary thoughts of family and open service. She attempted an assortment of open commitment and wound up known for her reliably chipper face.
In 1936, her significant other suddenly moved toward becoming ruler when his brother, Edward VIII, abdicated in request to wed the American divorcée Wallis Simpson. Elizabeth at that point progressed toward becoming ruler. She went with her significant other on discretionary visits to France and North America before the beginning of the Second World War. Amid the war, her apparently unstoppable soul gave moral help to the British open. After the war, her husband’s wellbeing deteriorated and she was bereaved at 51 years old. Her senior girl, matured 25, turned into the new ruler.
From the passing of Queen Mary in 1953, Elizabeth was seen as the matron of the British regal family. In her later years, she was a reliably well known individual from the family, notwithstanding when different individuals were experiencing low dimensions of open approval. She proceeded with a functioning open life until only a couple of months before her demise at the age of 101, seven weeks after the passing of her more youthful little girl, Princess Margaret.
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon was the most youthful little girl and the ninth of ten youngsters of Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis (later the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of Scotland), and his wife, Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck. Her mom was plunged from British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, third Duke of Portland, and Governor-General of India Richard Wellesley, first Marquess Wellesley, who was the senior sibling of another Prime Minister, Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington.
The area of her introduction to the world stays unverifiable, however supposedly she was conceived either in her parents’ Westminster home at Belgrave Mansions, Grosvenor Gardens, or in a pony drawn rescue vehicle while in transit to a hospital. Other conceivable areas incorporate Forbes House in Ham, London, the home of her maternal grandmother, Louisa Scott. Her birth was enlisted at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, near the Strathmores’ English nation house, St Paul’s Walden Bury, which was additionally given as her origin in the census the accompanying year. She was dedicated there on 23 September 1900, in the neighborhood ward church, All Saints, and her godparents incorporated her fatherly close relative Lady Maud Bowes-Lyon and cousin Venetia James.
Spent quite a bit of her adolescence at St Paul’s Walden and at Glamis Castle
She spent quite a bit of her adolescence at St Paul’s Walden and at Glamis Castle, the Earl’s genealogical home in Scotland. She was taught at home by a tutor until the age of eight, and was enamored with field sports, horses and dogs.When she began school in London, she astounded her instructors by intelligently starting an article with two Greek words from Xenophon’s Anabasis. Her best subjects were writing and sacred text. Subsequent to coming back to private schooling under a German Jewish tutor, Käthe Kübler, she passed the Oxford Local Examination with qualification at age thirteen.
On her fourteenth birthday celebration, Britain declared war on Germany. Four of her siblings served in the military. Her senior brother, Fergus, an officer in the Black Watch Regiment, was executed in real life at the Battle of Loos in 1915. Another sibling, Michael, was accounted for lost without a trace on 28 April 1917. Three weeks after the fact, the family found he had been caught subsequent to being injured. He stayed in a prisoner of war camp for whatever remains of the war. Glamis was transformed into an improving home for injured officers, which Elizabeth ran. She was especially instrumental in sorting out the safeguard of the manor’s substance amid a genuine fire on 16 September 1916. One of the officers she treated wrote in her signature book that she was to be “Hung, drawn, and quartered … Hung in jewels, attracted a mentor and four, and quartered in the best house in the land.”
On 30 March 2002, at 15:15 (GMT), the Queen Mother kicked the bucket in her rest at the Royal Lodge, Windsor Great Park, with her enduring girl, Queen Elizabeth II, at her bedside. She had been experiencing a chilly for the past four months. At 238 days old she was the longest-lived individual from the regal family in British history. Her last enduring sister-in-law Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, exceeded that, withering matured 102 on 29 October 2004.
Elizabeth grew camellias in all of her patio nurseries, and before her banner hung box was taken from Windsor to lie in state at Westminster Hall, a plan of camellias from her very own greenery enclosures was set on top. An evaluated 200,000 individuals more than three days documented past as she lay in state in Westminster Hall at the Palace of Westminster. Members of the household cavalryand different parts of the military stood protect at the four corners of the catafalque. At a certain point, her four grandsons Prince Charles, Prince Andrew, Prince Edward and Viscount Linley mounted the monitor as a sign of regard—a respect like the Vigil of the Princes at the lying in state of King George V.
Upon the arrival of her funeral
Upon the arrival of her funeral, 9 April, the Governor General of Canada issued an announcement requesting that Canadians respect Elizabeth’s memory that day.In Australia, the Governor-General read the exercise at a remembrance benefit held in St Andrew’s Cathedral, Sydney.
In London, in excess of a million people filled the region outside Westminster Abbey and along the 23-mile (37 km) course from focal London to Elizabeth’s last resting spot adjacent to her significant other and more youthful little girl in St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. At her demand, after her memorial service the wreath that had lain on her casket was set on the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, in a motion that reverberated her big day tribute 79 years prior.