Manchester City Football Club is a football club based in Manchester, England, that contends in the Premier League, the top trip of English football. Established in 1880 as St. Imprint’s (West Gorton), it became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894. The club’s home ground is the City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, to which it moved in 2003, having played at Maine Road since 1923.
Manchester City entered the Football League in 1899, and won their first real respect with the FA Cup in 1904. It had its first real time of accomplishment in the late 1960s, winning the League, FA Cup and League Cup under the administration of Joe Mercer and Malcolm Allison. In the wake of losing the 1981 FA Cup Final, the club experienced a time of decrease, coming full circle in relegation to the third level of English football. Having recaptured their Premier League status in the mid 2000s, Manchester City was bought in 2008 by Abu Dhabi United Group for £210 million and got impressive budgetary speculation.
The club won the Premier League in 2012, 2014 and, most as of late in 2018, likewise turning into the principal Premier League group to attain 100 points in a solitary season. Manchester City’s income was the fifth highest of a football club on the planet in the 2017– 18 season at €527.7 million. In 2018, Forbes assessed the club was the fifth most valuable in the world at $2.47 billion.
Possession and accounts
Fundamental article: Manchester City F.C. proprietorship and accounts
The holding organization of Manchester City F.C., Manchester City Limited, is a private constrained organization, with roughly 54 million offers in issue. The club has been in private hands since 2007, when the real investors consented to pitch their possessions to UK Sports Investments Limited (UKSIL), an organization constrained by previous Thailand prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. UKSIL then made a formal idea to purchase the offers held by a few thousand little investors.
Preceding the Thaksin takeover, the club was recorded on the pro autonomous value advertise PLUS (some time ago OFEX), where it had been recorded since 1995. On 6 July 2007, having obtained 75% of the offers, Thaksin de-recorded the club and re-enrolled it as a private company.
By August UKSIL had procured over 90% of the offers, and practiced its rights under the Companies Act to “press out” the rest of the investors, and gain the whole shareholding. Thaksin Shinawatra progressed toward becoming executive of the club and two of Thaksin’s kids, Pintongta and Oak Chinnawat also moved toward becoming chiefs.
Previous director John Wardle remained on the board for a year, yet surrendered in July 2008 following Nike executive Garry Cook’s appointment as official executive in May. The club made a pre-charge loss of £11m in the year finishing 31 May 2007, the last year for which accounts were distributed as an open company.
Thaksin’s buy incited a time of exchange spending at the club, spending in around £30 million, whereas over the past couple of seasons net spending had been among the least in the division. After a year, this speculation was itself predominated by bigger totals. On 1 September 2008, Abu Dhabi-based Abu Dhabi United Group Investment and Development Limited completed a takeover of Manchester City.
The arrangement, worth a revealed £200 million, was reported on the morning of 1 September. It started different exchange “due date day” gossipy tidbits and offers, for example, the club’s endeavor to gazump Manchester United’s extended offer to sign Dimitar Berbatov from Tottenham Hotspur for an expense in abundance of £30 million.
Minutes before the exchange window shut, the club signed Robinho from Real Madrid for a British record exchange fee of £32.5 million. The abundance of the new proprietors implied that in the late spring of 2009, the club had the capacity to fund the buy of a few experienced worldwide players preceding the new season, spending more than some other club in the Premier League.
City Football Group
City Football Group
Made in the 2013– 14 season to deal with the worldwide footballing premiums of Abu Dhabi United Group, the City Football Group (CFG) is an umbrella organization owning stakes in a system of worldwide clubs for the reasons for asset sharing, foundation systems administration and advertising. Through the City Football Group, City claims stakes in various clubs:
Melbourne City FC (2014– present)
On 23 January 2014 it was reported that Manchester City had banded together with the Australian rugby association franchise Melbourne Storm, acquiring a lion’s share stake in A-League team Melbourne City FC. On 5 August 2015, CFG purchased out the Storm thus gained full responsibility for team.
Yokohama F. Marinos (2014– present)
On 20 May 2014 it was declared that Manchester City had banded together with the Japanese Automotive company Nissan to become a minority investor in Yokohama based J-League side, Yokohama F. Marinos.
New York City FC (2015– present)
On 21 May 2013 it was reported that Manchester City had banded together with the American baseball establishment the New York Yankees to present the 20th Major League Soccer expansion team, New York City FC as its greater part investor. The club started play in the 2015 Major League Soccer season.
Club Atlético Torque (2017– present)
On 5 April 2017, CFG affirmed the buy of Uruguayan second division team Club Atlético Torque.
Girona FC (2017– present)
On 23 August 2017 it was reported that the City Football Group had obtained 44.3% of La Liga side Girona FC. Another 44.3% was held by the Girona Football Group, driven by Pere Guardiola, sibling of Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola.
Principle article: City of Manchester Stadium
See also: Hyde Road (stadium) and Maine Road
City of Manchester Stadium – the home of Manchester City since 2003
The City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, known as the Etihad Stadium since 2011 for sponsorship reasons, is on a 200-year lease from Manchester City Council. It has been City’s home since the finish of the 2002– 03 season, when the club moved from Maine Road. Before moving to the arena, Manchester City spent in overabundance of £30 million to change over it to football use.
The pitch was brought down, including another level of seating around it, and another North Stand built. The debut coordinate at the new arena was a 2– 1 success over Barcelona in a friendly match.A 7,000-situate third level on the South Stand was finished in time for the beginning of the 2015– 16 football season. Current limit remains at 55,097. A North Stand third level has arranging endorsement and work on it is relied upon to start by 2017, expanding ability to around 61,000.
In the wake of playing home matches at five arenas somewhere in the range of 1880 and 1887, the club settled at Hyde Road Football Stadium, its home for 36 years. A flame wrecked the Main Stand in 1920, and the club moved to the 84,000 limit Maine Road three years after the fact.
Maine Road, nicknamed the “Wembley of the North” by its fashioners, facilitated the biggest ever swarm at an English club ground when 84,569 went to a FA Cup tie against Stoke City on 3 March 1934. Though Maine Road was redeveloped a few times over its 80-year life expectancy, by 1995 its ability was confined to 32,000, inciting the scan for another ground which finished in the move to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2003.
Manuel Pellegrini with the Premier League trophy after the victorious 2013– 14 season
First Division/Premier League
Champs (5): 1936– 37, 1967– 68, 2011– 12, 2013– 14, 2017– 18
Second Division/First Division
Champs (7): 1898– 99, 1902– 03, 1909– 10, 1927– 28, 1946– 47, 1965– 66, 2001– 02
Second Division play off 
Champs (1): 1998– 99
Champs (5): 1903– 04, 1933– 34, 1955– 56, 1968– 69, 2010– 11
Football League Cup/EFL Cup
Champs (6): 1969– 70, 1975– 76, 2013– 14, 2015– 16, 2017– 18, 2018– 19
FA Community Shield
Champs (5): 1937, 1968, 1972, 2012, 2018
European Cup Winners’ Cup
Champs (1): 1969– 70
1969– 70: League Cup and European Cup Winners’ Cup
2013– 14: League and League Cup
2017– 18: League and EFL Cup
Primary article: List of Manchester City F.C. records and insights
Record League victory – 11– 3 v. Lincoln City (23 March 1895, most objectives scored) 10– 0 v. Darwen (18 February 1899, amplest edge of victory)
Record FA Cup victory – 12– 0 v. Liverpool Stanley (4 October 1890)
Record European victory – 7– 0 v. Schalke 04, UEFA Champions League Round of 16 second Leg (12 March 2019)
Record League defeat – 0– 8 v. Burton Wanderers (26 December 1894), 0– 8 v. Wolverhampton Wanderers (23 December 1933), 1– 9 v. Everton (3 September 1906), 2– 10 v. Small Heath (17 March 1893)
Record FA Cup defeat – 0– 6 v. Preston North End (30 January 1897), 2– 8 v. Bradford Park Avenue (30 January 1946)
Record European defeat – 0– 4 v Barcelona, UEFA Champions League Group Stage, 19 October 2016
Most astounding home attendance – 84,569 v. Stoke City (3 March 1934) (remains the record home participation in English football)
Most League appearances – 561 + 3 sub, Alan Oakes 1958– 76
Most appearances overall – 676 + 4 sub, Alan Oakes 1958– 76
Most objectives scored overall – 230, Sergio Agüero 2011
Most objectives scored in a season – 38, Tommy Johnson 1928– 29
Record exchange expense paid – £60 million to Leicester City for Riyad Mahrez, July 2018
Record exchange expense received – £25 million from Leicester City for Kelechi Iheanacho, August 2017