German is a West Germanic dialect that is for the most part talked in Central Europe. It is the most generally talked and authority or co-official dialect in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is likewise one of the three authority dialects of Luxembourg and a co-official dialect in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland.
The dialects which are most like German are alternate individuals from the West Germanic dialect branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian dialects, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are likewise solid likenesses in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, in spite of the fact that those have a place with the North Germanic gathering. German is the second most broadly communicated in Germanic dialect, after English.
One of the real dialects of the world, German is the principal dialect of very nearly 100 million individuals worldwide and the most broadly talked local dialect in the European Union.Together with French, German is the second most usually talked remote dialect in the EU after English, making it the second greatest dialect in the EU as far as by and large speakers.
German is additionally the second most generally trained outside dialect in the EU after English at elementary school level (however third after English and French at lower optional dimension), the fourth most broadly educated non-English dialect in the US (after Spanish, French and American Sign Language), and the second most ordinarily utilized logical dialect and in addition the second most broadly utilized dialect on sites after English.
The German-talking nations
The German-talking nations are positioned fifth regarding yearly distribution of new books, with one tenth all things considered (counting digital books) on the planet being distributed in the German dialect. In the United Kingdom, German and French are the most-looked for after remote dialects for organizations (with 49% and half of organizations recognizing these two dialects as the most helpful, separately).
German is an arched dialect with four cases for things, pronouns and descriptive words (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative), three sexes (manly, female, fix), two numbers (solitary, plural), and solid and feeble action words. German determines the dominant part of its vocabulary from the old Germanic part of the Indo-European dialect family.
A segment of German words are gotten from Latin and Greek, and less are acquired from French and Modern English. With marginally unique institutionalized variations (German, Austrian and Swiss Standard German), German is a pluricentric dialect. It is additionally remarkable for its expansive range of tongues, with numerous special assortments existing in Europe and furthermore different parts of the world.
Because of the constrained clarity between specific assortments and Standard German, and in addition the absence of an undisputed, logical contrast between a “tongue” and a “dialect”, some German assortments or vernacular gatherings (e.g. Low German or Plautdietsch) are on the other hand alluded to as “dialects” and “tongues”.
English– German cognates
This is a choice of cognates in both English and German. Rather than the standard infinitive consummation – en German action words are shown by a hyphen “- ” after their stems. Words that are composed with capital letters in German are things.
English German English German English German
and und arm Arm bear Bär beaver Biber bee Biene beer Bier best best better besser blink blink- bloom blüh-
blue blau boat Boot book Buch brew brau- brewery Brauerei bridge Brücke brow Braue brown braun chirp zirp- church Kirche
cold kalt cool kühl dale Tal dam Damm dance tanz- dough Teig dream Traum dream träum- drink Getränk drink trink-
ear Ohr earth Erde eat ess- far fern feather Feder fern Farn field Feld finger Finger fish Fisch fisher Fischer
flee flieh- flight Flug flood Flut flow fließ- flow Fluss fly Fliege fly flieg- for für ford Furt four vier
fox Fuchs fruit Frucht glass Glas go geh- gold Gold good gut grass Gras grasshopper Grashüpfer green grün grey grau
hag Hexe hail Hagel hand Hand hat Hut hate Hass haven Hafen hay Heu hear hör- heart Herz heat Hitze
heath Heide high hoch honey Honig hornet Hornisse hundred hundert hunger Hunger hut Hütte ice Eis king König kiss Kuss
kiss küss- knee Knie land Land landing Landung laugh lach- lie, lay lieg-, lag lie, lied lüg-, log light (A) leicht light Licht live leb-
liver Leber love Liebe man Mann middle Mitte midnight Mitternacht moon Mond moss Moos mouth Mund mouth (river) Mündung night Nacht
nose Nase nut Nuss over über plant Pflanze quack quak- rain Regen rainbow Regenbogen red rot ring Ring sand Sand
say sag- sea See (f) seam Saum seat Sitz see seh- sheep Schaf shimmer schimmer- shine schein- ship Schiff silver Silber
sing sing- sit sitz- snow Schnee soul Seele speak sprech- spring spring- star Stern stitch Stich stork Storch storm Sturm
stormy stürmisch strand strand- straw Stroh straw bale Strohballen stream Strom stream ström- stutter stotter- summer Sommer sun Sonne sunny sonnig
swan Schwan tell erzähl- that (C) dass the der, pass on, das, lair, dem then dann thirst Durst thistle Distel thorn Dorn thousand tausend thunder Donner
twitter zwitscher- upper ober warm warm wasp Wespe water Wasser weather Wetter weave web- well Quelle well wohl which welch
white weiß wild wild wind Wind winter Winter wolf Wolf word Wort world Welt yarn Garn year Jahr yellow gelb
English German English German English German English German English German English German English German English German English German English German